List of British Monarchs
There have been 12 monarchs of Great Britain and the United Kingdom (the Monarchy of the United Kingdom). The united kingdom of Great Britain was formed on May 1st , 1707 with the merger of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland, which had been in personal union under the House of Stuart since March 24,1603. On January 1, 1801, Great Britain merged with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. After most of Ireland left the union on 6 December 1922, its name was amended on 12 April 1927 to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
House of Stuart. The House of Stewart is a European royal house. The Stewarts first became monarchs of the Kingdom of Scotland during the late 14th century, and subsequently held the position of the Kings of Great Britain and Ireland. Anne, Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, born 1665 was daughter of James II (cognatic primogeniture; Bill of Rights 1689) and Anne Hyde. After Anne death in 1714, all the holdings passed to the House of Hanover. The Hanoverian succession came about as a result of the Act of Settlement 1701, passed by the Parliament of England. In return for access to the English plantations in North America, the Hanoverian succession and the Union were ratified by the Parliament of Scotland in 1707. Prince George of Denmark was the husband of Queen Anne of Great Britain. After the death of Anne with no living children, George I was the closest Protestant heir to the throne.
House of Hanover. George I, 1660-1727, was the son of Sophia of Hanover, granddaughter of James VI of Scotland and I of England through his daughter Elizabeth of Bohemia. His wife was Sophia Dorothea of Brunswick-Lueneburg-Celle and they had two children and three illegitimate children. George II, 1683-1760, was the son of George. His wife was Caroline of Ansbach and they had nine children. George III, 1738-1820, was the grandson of George II. His wife was Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and they had fifteen children. George IV, 1762-1830, was the son of George III. With his second wife Caroline of Brunswick has one child. William IV, 1765-1837, was the brother of George IV. His wife was Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen and they had two children and ten illegitimate children. Victoria, 1819-1901, was niece of William IV. With her husband Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha has nine children. Although he was the son and heir of Victoria, Edward VII inherited his father’s names and is therefore counted as inaugurating a new royal house. House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Edward VII, 1841-1910, was the son of Victoria. His wife was Alexandra of Denmark and they had six children.
House of Windsor. George V was changed the name. The house name Windsor was adopted in 1917, during the First World War. The House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is a German dynasty and the name was changed because of wartime anti-German sentiment in the United Kingdom. George V, 1865-1936, was the son of Edward VII. His wife was Mary of Teck and they had six children. Edward VIII, 1894-1972, was the son of George V. In 1936 he has abdicated. His wife was Wallis Warfield Simpson and they had no children. George VI, 1895-1952, was the brother of Edward VIII. His wife was Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and they had two children. Elizabeth II, 1926-present, is a daughter of George VI. With her husband Philip of Greece and Denmark, Duke of Edinburgh, has four children. Elizabeth II is the constitutional monarch of sixteen sovereign states known as the Commonwealth realms: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Belize, Antigua and Barbuda, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. As Head of the Commonwealth, she is the figurehead of the 54-member Commonwealth of Nations; as the British monarch, she is the Supreme Governor of the Church of England.